STERLING SILVER PRESENTATION SPOON MARKS
Yes, this Presentation
or Souvenir Spoon
is indeed a Dutch item and was made by H. HOOYKAAS - SCHOONHOVEN SILBER FABRIK
, located in Schoonhoven, Holland. It dates ca 1900 - 1940s.
TUDRIC PEWTER TRAY MARKS
is a Trademark used by LIBERTY & Co.
, a famous Shop & Importers in London, UK, first opened in 1875. They closed ca late 1920s or early 1930s, and were pioneers and very instrumental in expanding the Arts & Crafts aesthetic movement
, primarily through elegant imports in this style.
Their Pewter production, usually marked "Tudric", begun by commissioning most designs to Archibald Knox, a very famous Artist & Designer of the time. Your Tray dates ca 1903 - 1920s and is a fine example.
SHEFFIELD SILVERPLATED BASKET
Your Silverplated Basket was made by a company now known as ROBERTS & BELK, Ltd.
, located in Sheffield, UK. They were originally established in 1809 and changed owners several times. Your item was made during the period when it was under Roberts & Briggs
. The Registration Diamond mark would date your piece precisely; however, we cannot read all of the details around that mark in the photo to give you the precise Year. However, since the lowest cipher is the letter D, at least we know that it dates ca 1868 - 1883.
MATERIALS USED FOR FLATWARE & CUTLERY
Here are some general comments on Flatware & Cutlery, which you help in answering your questions:
- Flatware such as Forks & Spoons or Serving pieces can be made either in Sterling Silver or Silverplated. On British Flatware, Sterling is indicated by the presence of one of the various Lions or Leopards (Passant, Erased, Crowned etc - please see our "Recognizing Country Hallmarks" page through our EXTRA HELP section for examples)
- American Flatware would be marked as "STERLING"; however, we have seen examples where this is not necessarily the case. In other words, if they are marked STERLING, then they are definitely Sterling; but if not, they may be, but very unlikely.
- Cutlery is usually made of Silverplated Stainless Steel. The blades are almost never Sterling (there are some very old exceptions, especially in Britain & France). However, the handle may be Sterling and there would be a fine but distinct separation between it and the blade. Sterling is almost never used on the actual blades because Silver is soft and would lose its cutting edge very quickly.
MARKS ON SILVER FLATWARE
These are marked as follows:
- Schwartz: This is the name of a major and reputable Distributors & Importers of many items in Sterling & Silverplate (and also Chinaware and other Tableware), still in business. They do not own any manufacturing facilities and do not produce any of their wares, but select and distribute high quality items from many factories and companies around the world. They have been in business for nearly two centuries.
- Lion with letter K: This is a variation of the marks used by J.B. & S.M. KNOWLES (see our "ANIMALS etc" Shape Category for more clear examples) and dates your pieces to ca 1850s - 1890s.
- Shield with Crown and 3 Hay Bundles or Wheat Sheaths: This is a pseudomark. These were used by several companies in the US in many variations and formats in their attempt to imitate British Silver marks and gain market acceptance when the Silver industry in the US was still in its infancy. The particular one on your piece resembles that used by Chester, UK, as their official City Hallmark (you can see the original and authentic hallmark on our "Recognizing Country Hallmarks" page).
STERLING MARKS ON MODERNIST CORDIALS
This is NOT
an INTERNATIONAL SILVER
mark or logo. Also, although SEARS ROEBUCK
had used a practically identical one and some other very similar marks on items made to order for them by several manufacturers, those marks occurred mostly on Flatware, so this is not the case either.
Instead, we believe that this fine Modernist Sterling Cordials Set was made by the THE STIEFF COMPANY, who were in close cooperation with - and eventually acquired in 1979 - the S. [Samuel] KIRK (& SON), Inc. They are now known as the KIRK STIEFF CORPORATION and are still in business in Baltimore, MA. S. KIRK and STIEFF were always very contemporary and pioneers in their designs. Your Set dates ca early 1950s.
ART DECO SILVER MARKS
As I am sure you already know, this is an ElectroPlated Nickel-Silver [EPNS]
English Sugar Bowl. The LD
(D in Capitals, but smaller) usually denotes Ltd
on most similar marks and somehow transcends order, so the initials would actually read W.C. Ltd., if read properly. This particular mark and in this exact format was used only by W. COULTHARD & Co., Ltd.
, silversmiths & Retailers, located in Birmingham (UK), ca 1890s - 1920s.
This Pitcher is Electroplated was sold by the ENGLISH SILVER MFG Corp
. They were located near Boston, MA (USA) and established in the 1950s. They seem to have closed in the late 1970s. They made and imported mostly electroplated items and sold them through Department Stores. They were also Distributors for the LEONARD SILVER MFG. Co.
for five years, ca late 1960s - 1970s. Your Pitcher dates ca 1960s.
To use our huge database of Silver & Jewelry makers' marks and hallmarks, including marks on other Precious metals, Pewter and other collectible Metalware, please see our Silver & Jewelry or Pewter Marks Identification Guides.
To find prices and determine values for your antiques & collectibles, including Jewelry & Silver or Pewter, please see our Antiques Price Guides with millions of examples of items sold at auction.