RUSSIAN SILVER MARKS
We can confirm that your item is indeed marked by MAROZOV Co.
In our experience, it almost always appears with the letter B only on items made after 1884, which is also whence they used the double-headed Imperial Eagle
Based on the history of the firm, it was founded by Ivan Ekimovich Marozov in 1849, who however died in 1885. His descendants continued operations until 1917 when they closed. The HH mark is most likely the Assayer's mark and is documented in several resources, but listed as "Unidentified - St. Petersburg - ca 1880s".
STERLING SILVER CRUET
This beautiful silver Cruet Set is marked by MARTIN HALL
. As you know, EPGS
stands for Electro Plated German Silver
. Your item dates ca late 19th - early 20thC, and the incised logo is probably the monogram of a Hotel or Restaurant or Private Club.
LITTLE SILVER TEAPOT
This seems to be a Breweriana
or Pub/Hotel ware item, hence the "1 gill" measure noted on the piece. The tiny circles mark does not appear to be registered and may be a generic item made by any of the major manufacturers in the UK, probably from Sheffield or Birmingham. As you know, EPBM
stands for Electro Plated Britannia Metal
, where Britannia Metal
is a hardened type of Pewter, hence very utilitarian or intended for frequent use. It probably dates ca 1880s - 1910s.
SILVER BOWLS & TABLEWARE
This actually reads "Hostellerie Du Coq Hardi
', which literally means "Hotel of the Daunting Rooster
" which is a very quaint and elegant Hotel & Restaurant in France.
VERDUN is the name of a town in France where this Hotel is located, and very near the border with Germany. The Number 12 refers to the Silver Purity number in Loth silver units, a system used in Germany prior to 1886 - see our Precious Metals Units page through our EXTRA HELP section - which indicates German origin. In this case, 12 Loth is equal to .750 silver content.
Since the Loth was no longer used after 1886, it dates your Set somewhere between the Hotel's founding in 1827 and 1886. These Silver Bowls were probably made to order for the Hotel by a factory or silversmith in Germany, but the actual maker is not noted, unless there are more marks elsewhere on these bowls that are not included in the photos.
The other marks are upside-down in your photo (in opposite vertical direction to the number 12) and "HOS" are the first 3 letters of the word HOStellerie, whereas the symbol of the Rooster's Head was the logo for this Hotel, much the same way chinaware etc are monogrammed at various high-end Hotels & Restaurants.
GERMAN STERLING SILVER TEA-SET
You are correct, this is indeed of German origin - please visit our "Recognizing Country of Origin Hallmarks" page through ourEXTRA HELP
section for more tips and guides on the topic.
In this case, please use our INITIALS SEARCH to find all possible matches for these maker's mark and to confirm that this lovely Tea Set was made by GOTTLIEB KURZ, located in Schwabisch Gmund, Germany, and in operation ca 1895 - 1967. Based on the style, we would estimate that your particular Silver Tea-Set was made ca 1910s - 1930s.
MARKS ON PEWTER CREAMER & SUGAR SET
This "PEWTER BY RICE
" logo was used by BERNARD RICE'S SONS
, a company that was formed by the merger of APOLLO SILVER Co.
and SHEPARD & RICE
in 1899. They were located in New York, NY, USA, and closed in 1959.
They are mostly known for Silverplated Hollowware & Tableware items, but also made an extensive line of Pewter ware. Your item was probably made ca 1920s - 1950s. The number 385 is the Model Number.
HANAU SILVER SPOONS
These were made in Hanau, Germany
, and probably date ca late 19th - early 20thC. These particular initials match several listed silvermsiths from that region, including: Adolf Schmidtt
ca 1920s - 1930s, Aron Sinsheimer
ca 1880s - 1910s, August Sohnlein
ca 1890s, and August Stroh
ca 1900 - 1910s.
In this case, "ARGENTA" is probably a trade name, but it was also used as another word for Nickel-Silver, also known as German Silver, which is an alloy of Copper, Nickel and zinc in varying proportions, usually 2:1:1 or 3:1:1).
ONEIDA SILVER COMPANY MARKS & HISTORY
You are correct that this company used many names and has a long history. Here are some highlights:
- Established near Oneida Creek, hence its name, in 1848
- At first, they produced Canned Fruits & Vegetables and Steel Traps
- In 1887, the company expanded by employing people form the local Oneida community in a co-op sort of way, and was renamed ONEIDA COMMUNITY. During that time, they begun making simple Tableware and also steel blanks for plating by the MERIDEN BRITANNIA Co.
- In 1880, they incorporated in the State of New York under the name ONEIDA COMMUNITY, Ltd.
- Between that time and 1935, the company moved operations to Niagara Falls and then Sherrill, NY. They also opened other factories in Sheffield, UK, and acquired about 5 or 6 companies, including Wm. A ROGERS and their brands, designs, patents etc
- In 1935, the company name officially changed to simply ONEIDA, Ltd., but it is commonly known as ONEIDA SILVERSMITHS
- Until the 1920s, most production was for Silverware, Flatware or Spoons; Hollowware and larger Tableware items begun ca 1926 and Sterling Silver Flatware ca 1946. The company is still in business
To use our huge database of Silver & Jewelry makers' marks and hallmarks, including marks on other Precious metals, Pewter and other collectible Metalware, please see our Silver & Jewelry or Pewter Marks Identification Guides.
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