VICTORIAN JEWELRY MARKS
Your lovely Victorian era Brooch
was made by S. COTTLE
. This silversmith and his associates worked between 1865 to 1920, in New York City, NY (USA), and is renowned for his Victorian style Jewelry.
In fact, Shubael Cottle was originally in partnership with Lewis Mulford and Seth W. Hale until 1877, when he launched his own company, naming it S. Cottle & Co. All records indicate that he was in business until no later than 1920. Your sterling silver brooch dates ca 1877 - 1920.
PEWTER MUG MARKS
This Pewter Cup or Mug was made by the SKS-DESIGN - ARTINA - BLOMUS
company, who are mostly a major Resellers and Distributors of household & decorative items or giftware in Germany & Austria. Your item probably dates ca 1960s - 1980s.
The other mark, REIN ZINN 95% simply means Pure Tin 95% and is a notation found on most recently made Pewter-ware of all makes. It indicates the percentage of Tin in the alloy used to make this piece.
FRAGET SILVER SPOONS
is a Warsaw (Poland) manufacturer, established ca mid-19thC, but became a subsidiary of the German WMF
[also known as Wurttembergische MetallwarenFabrik] ca 1900. They retained their marks until ca 1920s, which dates these Spoons to around 1890s - 1920s. All of their items that we have encountered are Electroplated.
SILVER DECORATIVE ITEM
This mark is being used by CORBELL & Co.
, originally founded in London, UK, ca 1946 and then moved to Los Angeles, CA, USA, ca early 1950s.
They are still in business and are mainly a Retailers operation. Practically all of their wares are made to order by several manufacturers here and abroad. Most are decorative and are semi-accurate reproductions of older antique silver items. Your elegant decorative display pieces are Electroplated and probably date ca 1960s - 1990s.
EPNS TRAY MARKS
As I am certain you already know, EPNS
stands forElectro-Plated Nickel-Silver
, please see our "Glossary" through our EXTRA HELP
section for more details.
In this case, C.G. & Co. are the initials of the maker of this Silverplated Tray and were used by CHARLES GREEN & Co., located in London (UK). They were established in 1905 as a continuation of the earlier Charles Green & Son business, also in London. The company is reportedly still in business, but moved to Birmingham in 1982. Based on its style, we believe your electroplated Tray dates ca 1920s - 1940s.
G MARK ON SNUFFER
This is not an actual maker's mark. The Letter G
denotes the type of metal alloy used in making this Snuffer and refers to a particularly durable Silver Plating method
, also called Hard Silver Plating
, reserved for fine items that may be used on a relatively frequent basis.
Normally, most Silver Plate on Cutlery is Cromargan or Alpaka, an alloy of 65% Copper, 23% Zinc and 12% Nickel, and the the base material is usually of high-grade Stainless Steel. A designation of "G" indicates that they have been plated with a thicker than normal Silver Coating or Layer, often more than 30 microns. This was usually found on German high-end Flatware & Cutlery. Based on its style, we believe it dates ca 1950s.
MARKS ON SILVER EPERGNE
This mark was used by GEORGE SHADFORD LEE & HENRY WIGFULL
, located in Sheffield (UK), and in business from 1870 to 1935, mostly under the name of simply LEE & WINGFULL, Ltd.
This particular mark on your Electro-Plated Britannia Metal
Tray dates ca 1879 - 1898.
MARK ON SILVER TEA INFUSER
This mark was used as a Census notation in Czechoslovakia on old Austrian Silver items in 1922
. This was a frequent practice ca mid-19th - early 20th centuries as borders of countries kept constantly changing due to various wars and new Treaties.
As you know, at that time, and in fact until very recently, Precious Metals such as Gold, Platinum or Silver were the "guarantee" of a country's Currency Reserves (similar to the Federal Reserve in the US today), and after almost every war, there were massive nation-wide inventories taken to assess the value of Precious Metals reserves in the country in order to print money that would be internationally recognized and assured, known as the "Gold Standard" Monetary System. Items inventoried in this manner were pucnhed with a "Census" mark or hallmark. These Census marks are now well documented and can help in identifying the approximate age and origin of thusly marked items.
MARK ON SILVER TEA INFUSER
This fine Tea Infuser is marked by R. BLACKINGTON & Co.
, who produced mostly Silver Flatware & Novelties. They were located in Massachusetts since 1862 and closed in 1967.
Your item is made of Sterling Silver as noted and probably dates ca 1940s - 1950s. The Number 4811 is probably a Model or Pattern number.
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